What is uneven skin tone?

Uneven skin tone, or hyperpigmentation, is the irregular darkening of the skin. This includes age spots, liver spots, and sun spots, which appear on the face, neck, and hands. These dark spots and patches, typically considered ‘aged skin’, are the result of an overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin and hair colour.

3 Phases of Pigmentation Process

What causes uneven skin tone?

Uneven skin tone is caused by a number of factors, including:

Sun exposure:Repeated exposure to UV light causes brown spots due to an overproduction of melanin to help protect the skin.

Pollution:Traffic-related air pollutants that penetrate the skin lead to the formation of brown spots on the face.

Hormones:Melasma, hyperpigmentation caused by increased hormone stimulation, is most commonly experienced by women who are pregnant or who take contraceptives. It may also be a reaction to cosmetics or medication.

Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation:Darkening of the skin from scars caused by acne lesions or skin injury.

Begin from the inside out:Take oral dietary supplements with high antioxidant properties to help protect the skin from free radicals and enhance cellular liver detoxification. These inhibit tyrosinase and block the formation of melanin from the root source. Select ingredients that not only include glutathione, the master antioxidant, but also serve as antioxidant catalysts, such as SOC Gliadin Complex.

Apply SPF daily:Unprotected sun exposure is the number one cause behind hyperpigmentation. Apply sunscreen or moisturiser with at least SPF 30 daily to help prevent the appearance of dark spots.

Exfoliate:Find a gentle exfoliant that you can use daily to slough off dead skin cells on the surface and clear pathways for serums and moisturisers to better penetrate and work on the skin.

Be patient:Uneven skin tone has no quick fix; on average, it takes at least a month of vigilant skin care for progress to be evident, while successful skin brightening can take up to four months to show.